Understandings on the chemical constituents of plant is crucial in the discovering of therapeutic agent, Gunasekera's research ( Constituents of Aquilaria Malaccensis. J. Nat. Prod. 44: 569-572.) revealed that Benzene extracts of the agarwood plant contained remarkable anticancer and depression activity.
Alkaloids in Agarwood leaves extracts was of great importance, since significant quantities of alkaloids could be used as antimalaria, analgeics, antispasmodic, bactericidal and stimulants, which are all pharmaceutical properties of the plant. Presence of alkaloids in Agarwood leaves extracts, justifies the use of the plant to treat toothache, colic, severe headache, rheumatism
The presence of Hexadecanoic acid could justify the use of Agarwood leaves methanolic extracts as antibacterial and anti fungal
Saponin has the property of precipitating and coagulating red blood cells
Presence of tannins suggests the ability of this plant to play a major role as antidiarrhoec and antihaemorrhagic agent
Tannins are astringent in nature, i.e., fasten the healing of wounds and inflamed mucous membranes and could be used for treating intestinal disorders such as diarrhea and dysentery exhibiting antibacterial activity
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